How to become a Web Developer?

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    What is Web Development?

    Web development is the process of creating a website or web application. It may be as simple as a static website or a complex web application. 

    A web developer is the one who takes the web designs and converts them into usable website as per the requirements. 

    Web Development can be broadly classified into Front-end development and Back-end development. 

    The Front-end development involves working with the client-side user interfaces with which the users interact and navigate through a website. 

    The Back-end development involves maintaining the server-side, along with database interaction. 

    If Front-end is the pretty face of the website, Back-end is regarded as the brain behind the pretty face.Thus, the client-server interaction is the key to development. 

    A static website may not require a back-end at all, as the front-end can display the static contents in itself. As there is no data changes that happen in a static website, we don’t need to serve data from the database via a server. 

    But for a more complex application or for a dynamic website like this one, we would require an active server-side development, which keeps the site live and working.

    What is the difference between Web Designing and Web Development?

    Web Designing deals with the visual design and the aesthetic look and feel, colors, typography, layout design, the logical flow of navigation of a website. The most popular web designing tools are Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, Coral Draw, Sketch, GIMP etc. 

    Whereas web development deals with coverts the design into a usable, live website. The web developer writes code to implement the web designs into a website or a web application, maintain servers, interact with databases, create APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), authenticate users etc. 

    What are the technologies related to Front-end Development?

    1. HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
    2. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
    3. Javascript

    These are the evergreen and also the most fundamental skills required for Front-end development. There has been tremendous advancements in the Front-end technologies, but till today, these three skills are the basic skills to acquire for Front-end Web Development.

    What about the Front-end Frameworks/Libraries?

    There has been an insane number of frameworks/libraries on the market. From an open-source developer to the top-most software companies, frameworks/libraries are from every side.

    Angular, React JS, Backbone JS, Ember JS, Vue JS etc are few of the most popular frameworks/libraries out there.

    Many developers try to learn one of these frameworks before even getting their hands dirty with HTML or CSS or Javascript. It is definitely not recommended to try learning frameworks before learning the fundamentals.

    Also hundreds of people start learning a popular framework based on the job opportunities available. It is true that you try to acquire a skill to get along in your career, but skipping the fundamentals is never the way to go. 

    Get your fundamentals right, you can get ahead in no time.

    In fact, for learning any frameworks/libraries, the prerequisites are HTML, CSS and Javascript. 

    What is HTML, CSS and Javascript?

    HTML refers to Hyper Text Markup Language. It creates the base skeleton of our web page. With HTML elements/tags like images, tables, lists, headings, paragraphs, forms, form elements etc, we can build the base form of our web page. 

    As per the description above, HTML creates the skeleton of our web page. Hence it is not designed for user interaction yet. It needs styling and for that, we need CSS. 

    CSS refers to Cascading Style Sheets. It helps in converting the skeleton of the web page and convert it to a visually appealing and easy to use web page. CSS creates layouts, controls the flow of elements, adds animations, formats the text and multimedia including audio and videos etc.

    HTML and CSS are required to create wonderful and attractive web pages that the users find it very easy to use. 

    To handle user interactions on the web page and to make the web page more dynamic, Javascript comes into play. 

    Javascript is one of the most popular programming languages in the world today. Though HTML’s expansion may end as “language”, HTML is often not considered as a proper programming languages, but only as a mark-up language. 

    Javascript makes any website interactive, appealing and dynamic. With Javascript, you can create very complex and highly-efficient web applications. 

    All Javascript Frameworks and Libraries implement their features and functionalities using Javascript. Hence, a good understanding of Javascript and to know why to choose and use a framework/library is very important. 

    What is Responsive Web Design?

    Responsive Web Design is process of developing web pages that suits the viewer’s device screen size by re-sizing itself, whether it is a large screen monitor, small screen laptop, iPad, or a mobile phone.

    Responsive Web Design eliminates the need of having to write code separately for each of the gadgets available in the market. Instead the same code is suitable for all screen sizes by the elements on the web page responds differently based on the device screen size. A responsive web page is called mobile-friendly, as the website is extremely usable and appealing on the mobile devices as well. 

    With the number of searches on the desktop being outnumbered by the number of searches on the mobile (58%), responsive web design has become as the more important.

    If a website is not mobile-friendly in today’s world, the website don’t stand a chance of being successful as the viewers will quit the website. The audience’s retention is a very important factor in website development. 

    What is the difference between a Javascript Framework and Library?

    Several developers using the terms “library” and “framework” interchangeably. But there is a difference between both.

    Both library and a framework is somebody else’s code that we make use of. But with library, we control the flow. In the case of a framework, the framework controls the flow. 

    For example: Using a library is like buying a furniture for our house. We just don’t want to build the furniture and want to buy it, but we put it where ever we want in our house. 

    But using a framework is like building the model home. We can create the blueprint of our house, but we are not in-charge of building the actual building itself. External factors like a contractor or a builder takes control of the building process. 

    Same way, when using a Javascript library like jQuery, we make use of the library when and where we want. But while using a framework, the framework dictates where our code has to be written and then it executes our code. 

    How to choose a library or framework for a particular project?

    Sadly, there is no one library or framework that suits all projects. 

    Choosing a library and a framework involves a lot of analysis about the libraries and frameworks. 

    In many cases, choosing a library can be a more straightforward than choosing a framework. We got to re-use and customize a library code to our requirements. 

    The important point to remember is that a library or a framework must reduce our work, not compound it. 

    What is the best way to become a Software Web Developer?

    Learn HTML, CSS and Javascript and start developing web pages. That what you can become a very good software web developer in 30 days. There are a lot of technologies that you could learn, but learning the core fundamentals is the first step to glory.

    We offer Web Development Course at Kamal Technologies that is the complete web development course that you will ever need. 

    What are the roles and responsibilities of a web developer?

    The main role of a web developer is to write code to create features and functionalities of a website. Sometimes from the scratch, many times from the existing code base. 

    If a web developer has to write code on an existing code base, he/she has to understand the existing code first. It is one of the most important responsibility of a web developer. The code that we write must be inclusive and follow the norms and patterns of the existing code. Writing good code is an art, not merely “making it work” thing. 

    Another important aspect of a web developer’s job is to fix bugs. When we write code, we might miss scenarios in which our code might not work as expected. Or the requirements are not fully satisfied. Bugs generally refer to breaking of a feature or a not-expected behavior, for which we must re-factor our code to fix it. 

    A good web developer writes code, tests whether the code works properly in all possible scenarios including the edge cases, before making the code live. Thus, reducing the chances of bugs later.

    How is the job market for a Web Developer?

    If you are ready, you don’t have to get ready. If you have the skills required, when you find an opportunity, you just have to give your best and try to convert it. 

    All courses at Kamal Technologies are modern, highly valued in the IT industry and very relevant to the current trends.

    React JS, Angular, Node JS, Vue JS, PHP-SQL, Javascript, HTML/CSS, Python are all extremely well related to the software industry. 

    What is the average pay scale of IT Industry?

    In IT industry, product-based companies pay lot better than a service-based company. 

    Few of the product based companies in India are Intuit, Visa Inc, Walmart, Siemens, Amazon etc.

    Few of the service based companies in India are Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Cognizant Technology Services (CTS), Infosys, Wirpro etc.

    A fresher graduate joining a service-based company would get 3 – 3.5 LPA (Lakhs Per Annum) as salary, whereas joining a product-based company would get 6 – 9 LPA as salary.

    Joining as an experienced professional will obviously get you a higher pay. Mostly you negotiate the expected salary from your last drawn salary at your previous company. 

    At the end of the day, it depends on your skills, the company’s budget to fill in the position, and your negotiating skills as well. 

    What is Version Control?

    Version Control is a system that keeps track of multiple different versions of software, documents, content and website changes in development. Each version can be uniquely identified, compared and even restored back. 

    Software Development at a company generally happens among a group of software developers. The version control software helps teams collaborate, improves visibility of code, and accelerates product delivery. 

    Git is the most popular version control system in the world today.

    How to start creating useful projects?

    It is very common to get tangled in the learning loop. You want to learn more and more, before starting to create anything useful. You’re never satisfied about your knowledge, no matter how much you learn. 

    The easiest thing is to start focusing on solving a problem, and then keep learning things to achieve it. 

    For example, if you and your friends have weekend hangouts. You want to split your expenses later on. Instead of relying on a free third party applications, create a personalized app yourself and then use it. That’s a simple method to learn as well as create something useful. 

    So start focusing on a problem that you can solve using your programming skills and start fixing it.

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